National Research Project (2013-14)

Dear Psi Beta advisor, Here are the instructions for participating in the national research project for 2013-14.

1. AREA OF INVESTIGATION – The study involves the following variables: Time Perspective, Mindset, Subjective Happiness, and several demographic variables.


  • What relationships, if any, exist between Time Perspective, Mindset, and Subjective Happiness?
  • Are people with a fixed (entity) Mindset perspective more likely to take on a present-oriented time perspective?
  • Does subjective happiness systematically vary with time perspective? Mindset perspective?
  • How do demographics (gender, ethnicity, social economic status, etc.) relate to the above questions?

3. TARGET POPULATION FOR PARTICIPATING PSI BETA CHAPTERS: College students who are 18 years or older.

4. IRB SAFEGUARDS – The Institutional Review Board at Irvine Valley College has approved this study. The study satisfies the APA’s research ethical guidelines for proper and safe treatment of human participants.


  • Apply – Each Psi Beta chapter must apply to participate by emailing by November 28, 2013.
  • Minimum desired number of cases – Each chapter must submit complete data from at least 50 participants.
  • Data collection time frame for Psi Beta – The data collection period is now until February 28, 2014.
  • Institutional Review Board clearance – IRB clearance is needed for a chapter’s “full participation” in this study. While the IRB at Irvine Valley college has approved the study, participating chapters may need to acquire local IRB approval. Here are chapter options regarding IRB clearance:
    • For full participation by your chapter (i.e., recruiting 50 or more participants, and the right to present the findings at a regional or national conference) – acquire the approval of your local IRB.
    • For partial participation by your chapter (i.e., only your Psi Beta chapter members serve as participants and/or you have no plans to present the findings at a regional or national conference) you need not acquire local IRB approval.
    • Because this study doesn’t gather sensitive information, your IRB may find it exempt from full review, thereby expediting the IRB review process.

6. RESEARCH CONSULTANTS – We are very grateful to the following individuals who have agreed to serve as research consultants for this project: Dr. Kari Tucker and professor Michael Cassens, Psi Beta faculty sponsors at Irvine Valley College. We are also indebted to Jennifer Uhlman, chair of the Psi Beta Research Committee at Irvine Valley College, and the students serving on Jennifer’s committee.

a. Request to participate – The Psi Beta chapter’s primary advisor should email Psi Beta’s Executive Director ( and request to participate by November 28th, 2013.

b. Downloads

c. Search the literature – Use the following as “seed” articles and books for locating additional articles.

  • Chiu, C., Hong, Y., & Dweck, C.S. (1997). Lay disposition and implicit theories of personality. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 73, 19-30.
  • Dweck, C. S.(2006). Mindset: The New Psychology of Of Success. N.Y.: Ballantine Books.
  • Dweck, C. S., & Leggett, E. L. (1988). A social-cognitive approach to motivation and personality. Psychological Review, 95, 256-273.
  • Lyubomirsky, S. (2008). The How of Happiness: A Scientific Approach to Getting the Life You Want. NY: Penguin Press.
  • Lyubomirsky, S., & Pepper, H. S. (1999). A measure of subjective happiness: Preliminary reliability and construct validation. Social Indicators Research, 46, 137-155.
  • Zimbardo, P., & Boyd, J. (2008). The Time Paradox: The New Psychology of Time That Will Change Your Life. NY: Free Press.

d. Recruit participants – You should sample the population of students 18 and older at your college. The data collection period  for Psi Beta chapters will be from now until February 28, 2014.

e. Online data submission portal – Have your participants use this link to log on to the Psi Beta research site and enter their responses. Note: If the link doesn’t work, cut and paste the following URL into your browser window and hit the “Enter” key.

f. If you are giving your participants an incentive to participate (e.g., extra-credit, a chance in a drawing, etc.) be sure to devise a method to obtain their names and contact information. The online questionnaire does not capture personal information such as names and email addresses.

g. Request the national data file – After March 5, 2014 the data file will be made available to participating Psi Beta chapters.

h. Analyze the data – Local chapters are expected to conduct their own data analysis. Analyze your data using procedures covered in introductory level statistics courses. Use appropriate statistics to determine response frequencies, averages, and standard deviations. Basic inferential statistics (e.g, correlations, t-tests, and ANOVA) can be used to test your hypotheses. Many hypotheses can be explored.

i. Write and present your findings – Follow the reporting guidelines as in the textbook of your college’s research methods course. If your psychology department doesn’t offer research methods, obtain a copy of a textbook written for an introductory psychology research methods course (e.g., Cozby, 2004). Use your research findings to prepare a research poster to present at a local, regional, or national psychology conference.  The Western Psychological Association conference offers a Psi Beta poster session. The annual meeting of the American Psychological Association also offers a Psi Beta poster session. Psi Beta members can enter their research poster into the annual Psi Beta student research paper competition. Your chapter can also host a research mini-conference – invite a keynote speaker on psychological research (from your own teaching staff or from a local university), then have a student poster session, followed by refreshments.

Executive Director
Psi Beta